Mauthausen-Gusen camp trials

Publié le par Roger Cousin

The Mauthausen-Gusen camp trials were a set of trials of SS concentration camp personnel following World War II, heard by an American military government court at Dachau. Between March 29 and May 13, 1946, and then from August 6 to August 21, 1947, a total of 69 former camp personnel were tried. Among them were some of the former guards at the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp system and August Eigruber, a former Gauleiter of Upper Austria.

Eduard Krebsbach

Eduard Krebsbach

The first trial of personnel from Mauthausen-Gusen took place in the Dachau concentration camp between March 29 and May 13, 1946. Among the accused were 60 former members of the camp's administration and August Eigruber, a former Gauleiter of Upper Austria. Among the defendants were also Viktor Zoller (former commander of the SS-Totenkopf guard battalion), and doctors Friedrich Entress (an SS member and a medic who practiced medical experiments on hundreds of inmates; killing most of them with injections of phenol), Eduard Krebsbach and Erich Wasicky handed the Cyclon B to the person who was responsible for running camp's gas chambers who was Dr. Eduard Krebsbach based on the deathbed confession of Commander Ziereis

The Mauthausen-Gusen commander, Franz Ziereis, was shot several weeks after the liberation of the Mauthausen-Gusen camps and died in former Camp Gusen I on May 24, 1945. The defendants were charged with "violations of the laws and usages of war," a charge which encompassed among other things murder, torture, beating and starving the inmates. After six weeks all 61 defendants were found guilty. 58 were sentenced to death by hanging (9 were later paroled and their sentences were changed to life imprisonment), whilst three were sentenced to life imprisonment. All the death sentences were carried out on May 27 and May 28 of 1947 in Landsberg Prison.

Defendants

  • August Eigruber – death by hanging
  • Viktor Zoller – death by hanging
  • Dr. Friedrich Entress – death by hanging
  • Hans Altfuldisch – death by hanging
  • Josef Riegler – death by hanging
  • Willy Brünning (Gusen) – death by hanging
  • Emil Müller – death by hanging
  • Kurt Keilwtz – death by hanging
  • Franz Kautny – death by hanging
  • Johannes Grimm (DEST-Wienergraben) – death by hanging
  • Adolf Zutter – death by hanging
  • Dr. Eduard Krebsbach – death by hanging
  • Heinrich Häger – death by hanging
  • Hans Spatzenneger – death by hanging
  • Otto Striegel – death by hanging
  • Werner Grahn – death by hanging
  • Dr. Willy Jobst – death by hanging
  • Georg Gössl – death by hanging
  • Hans Diehl – death by hanging
  • Paul Kaiser (Gusen) – death by hanging
  • Dr. Waldemar Wolter – death by hanging
  • Gustav Kreindl – death by hanging
  • Willy Eckert – death by hanging
  • Hermann Pribyll – death by hanging
  • Josef Leeb – death by hanging
  • Dr. Wilhelm Henkel – death by hanging
  • kapo Willy Frey – death by hanging
  • Leopold Trauner (DEST-Gusen) – death by hanging
  • Wilhelm Müller – death by hanging
  • Heinrich Eisenhöfer – death by hanging
  • Andreas Trumm – death by hanging
  • Rudolf Mynzak – death by hanging
  • Erich Meissner – death by hanging
  • kapo Rudolf Fiegl (Gusen) – death by hanging
  • Josef Niedermayer – death by hanging
  • Julius Ludolf – death by hanging
  • Hans Hegenscheidt – death by hanging
  • Franz Huber – death by hanging
  • Dr. Erich Wasicky – death by hanging
  • Theophil Priebel – death by hanging
  • Kaspar Klimowitsch (Gusen II) – death by hanging
  • Heinrich Fitschok (Gusen II) – death by hanging
  • Anton Kaufmann (DEST-Gusen) – death by hanging
  • Stefan Barczey – death by hanging
  • Karl Struller – death by hanging
  • August Blei – death by hanging
  • Otto Drabeck – death by hanging
  • Vincenz Nohel – death by hanging
  • Thomas Sigmund (Gusen) – death by hanging
  • Heinrich Giese (Gusen) – death by hanging (changed to life imprisonment)
  • Walter Höhler – death by hanging (changed to life imprisonment)
  • Adolf Rutka (Gusen) – death by hanging (changed to life imprisonment)
  • Ludwig Dörr (Gusen II) – death by hanging (changed to life imprisonment)
  • Viktor Korger (Gusen II) – death by hanging (changed to life imprisonment)
  • Karl Billman (Gusen II) – death by hanging (changed to life imprisonment)
  • Herbert Grzybowski (Gusen) – death by hanging (changed to life imprisonment)
  • Wilhelm Mack (Gusen) – death by hanging (changed to life imprisonment)
  • Ferdinand Lappert (Gusen) – death by hanging (changed to life imprisonment)
  • Michael Cserny – life imprisonment
  • Paul Gützlaff (Gusen) – life imprisonment
  • Josef Mayer – life imprisonment
August Eigruber

August Eigruber

Second Mauthausen Camp Trial

The second Mauthausen Camp Trial started on August 6, 1947. Altogether 8 former members of the camp's administration were accused of the same set of crimes as in the former trial. On August 21 the verdict was reached. Four Nazis were sentenced to death by hanging, one for life imprisonment, two for short-term sentences and one was acquitted of all the charges. The death sentences were carried out on August 10, 1948.

Defendants

  • Franz Kofler – death by hanging
  • Gustav Petrat – death by hanging
  • Michael Heller – death by hanging
  • kapo Quirin Flaucher – death by hanging
  • Emil Thielmann – life imprisonment
  • Hermann Franz Bütgen – 3 years in prison
  • Arno Albert Reuter – 2 years in prison
  • Stefan Lennart – acquitted

Publié dans Evènements

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