The International Military Tribunal established to hear evidence against 21 of the leading Nazis commenced in Nuremberg Germany on November 20, 1945.
After initial statements by Sir Geoffrey Lawrence, the chief Judge of the Tribunal, a roll call of the defendants was initiated. After a recess, each defendant was asked how they plead to the charges outlined in the Indictments which they had previously received. The pleas were received on Nov. 21, 1945. Thereafter, The United Stated Chief of Counsel, United States Supreme Court Justice Robert H Jackson began his opening statements. For further information see www.roberthjackson.org