Piechowski died in the port city of Gdansk, according the Institute of National Remembrance.
Two years later, he and two fellow prisoners managed their escape by stealing weapons, uniforms and a vehicle belonging to their SS guards, according to the report.
After securing his freedom, he fought with the Home Army, the dominant Polish resistance movement, against the Nazis.
Piechowski was apprehended after the war by local communist authorities and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
His wartime escape was featured in a BBC documentary in which Piechowski starred as himself.