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Italie : vie politique depuis 1945

Italie : vie politique depuis 1945

Italie : vie politique depuis 1945

Les forces politiques en présence en Italie au lendemain de la guerre ont en commun leur opposition au fascisme, mais divergent sur la mise en œuvre du système politique. Alcide De Gasperi et Luigi Einaudi Le parti d'Action, composé d'intellectuels, est...

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Japon : vie politique depuis 1945

Japon : vie politique depuis 1945

Japon : vie politique depuis 1945

L'occupation américaine (1945-1952) commence par la purge des anciens dirigeants et par des réformes démocratiques : nouvelle Constitution, réforme agraire, établissement des libertés politiques et syndicales, nouveau Code civil. Le général Tojo Hideki...

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Attentat 11/09 2001

Attentat 11/09 2001

Attentat 11/09 2001

11 Septembre 2001, 19 terroristes saoudiens, commandités depuis des grottes en Afghanistan où tout a été préparé, détournent 4 avions de ligne de deux compagnies aériennes différentes sur le sol américain, à l’aide de cutters et parviennent à abattre...

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Carmen Miranda (1909 - 1955)

Carmen Miranda (1909 - 1955)

Carmen Miranda (1909 - 1955)

Carmen Miranda was born in Portugal and emigrated as a child, with her parents, to Rio de Janeiro. There, she discovered samba music, badly considered by the Brazilian elite. Working in a hat-maker's shop, she used to sing while serving the clients until...

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Betty Grable (1916 - 1973)

Betty Grable (1916 - 1973)

Betty Grable (1916 - 1973)

The American actress and dancer became her native country’s most popular pinup during World War II thanks to an audacious photography of her wearing a white bathing suit that comforted GIs. In 1929, she had obtained her first role in a film as a chorus...

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Barbara Stanwyck (1907 - 1990)

Barbara Stanwyck (1907 - 1990)

Barbara Stanwyck (1907 - 1990)

The American actress entered show business, in 1923 as a chorus girl in the Ziegfeld Follies before earning a leading role in a Broadway play Burlesque for which she gained professionals' attention and moved to Hollywood. Her career was thrown thanks...

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Ava Gardner (1922 - 1990)

Ava Gardner (1922 - 1990)

Ava Gardner (1922 - 1990)

The American actress signed, in 1941, a contract with MGM studios after Louis B. Mayer, head of the company, had declared 'she can't sing, she can't act, she can't talk, she's terrific!’: an unusual praise! Her career was slowly launched and it was only...

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Tallulah Bankhead (1902 - 1968)

Tallulah Bankhead (1902 - 1968)

Tallulah Bankhead (1902 - 1968)

The daughter of a wealthy political family, Tallulah Bankhead moved to New York in 1917 and rapidly made her stage débuts before moving to London becoming one of England's most famous celebrities. She returned to the United States, in 1931, and established...

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Shoah

Shoah

Shoah

La Shoah - mot hébreu signifiant "catastrophe"- désigne la persécution et l'extermination systématiques et bureaucratiques d'environ 6 millions de Juifs, par le régime nazi et ses collaborateurs. Le terme grec "Holocauste" qui signifie "sacrifice par...

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Ba Maw Facts

Ba Maw Facts

Ba Maw Facts

Ba Maw (1893-1977) was the first premier of independent Burma (now Myanmar) and the leader of the wartime government that ruled in cooperation with the occupying Japanese from 1942 to 1945. Ba Maw was born in Maubin on February 8, 1893. His father was...

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler

Nationalité : Allemagne - Né(e) à : Braunau am Inn (Autriche-Hongrie) , le 20/04/1889 - Mort(e) à : Berlin , le 30/04/1945. Biographie : Adolf Hitler est un homme politique, naturalisé allemand en 1931, figure centrale du nazisme, instaurateur de la dictature...

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Shirley Temple (1928 - 2014)

Shirley Temple (1928 - 2014)

Shirley Temple (1928 - 2014)

The American actress started her career at only three, in 1932, and rapidly became an icon of 1930s American cinema. With her gold locks and cheeky smile, the child incarnated the ideal Depression-era antidote, starring in feel-good films where she would...

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Norma Shearer (1902 - 1983)

Norma Shearer (1902 - 1983)

Norma Shearer (1902 - 1983)

The Canadian actress moved to New York in 1920 to launch an artistic career. In 1923, she signs a contract with MGM and, even though, she isn't given any major role, she does manage to appear in several films and easily transitions from silent to talking...

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Myrna Loy (1905 - 1993)

Myrna Loy (1905 - 1993)

Myrna Loy (1905 - 1993)

The American actress began her Hollywood career in the 1930s in the stereotyped role of exotic vamps and villain 'femmes fatales'. In 1934, she is chosen as William Powell's wife for the comic film, The Thin Man: the actress is finally recognised for...

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Mireille Balin (1909 - 1968)

Mireille Balin (1909 - 1968)

Mireille Balin (1909 - 1968)

The French actress was discovered in 1932 while she was a model in Paris after she had left a bourgeois background in the south of France. During the 1930s, her beauty brings the attention of directors who offer her roles of 'femmes fatales' and romantic...

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Maureen O'Sullivan (1911 - 1998)

Maureen O'Sullivan (1911 - 1998)

Maureen O'Sullivan (1911 - 1998)

The Irish actress signed her first MGM contract, in 1932, after being remarked in her native country. She is immediately chosen to play Jane opposite Johnny Weissmuller, a role she will repeat in several episodes until 1942. The actress becomes the ultimate...

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Marlene Dietrich (1901 - 1992)

Marlene Dietrich (1901 - 1992)

Marlene Dietrich (1901 - 1992)

The German-born American actress and singer gained international recognition with Josef von Sternberg's Blue Angel, in 1930. After being part of the 1920s Berliner scene, she went to Hollywood where she became one of the highest-paid actresses of the...

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Mae West (1893 - 1980)

Mae West (1893 - 1980)

Mae West (1893 - 1980)

The American actress and dancer began performing in vaudeville at the age of fourteen before making her first Broadway appearance, in 1911. Besides her acting career, she wrote her own plays under the pen name Jane Mest, within which she freely mentioned...

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Lupe Vélez (1908 - 1944)

Lupe Vélez (1908 - 1944)

Lupe Vélez (1908 - 1944)

The Mexican actress began her career in her native country as a dancer before moving to Texas, in 1923, where she starred in vaudevilles. Rapidly remarked, she established herself in Hollywood where she became a leading exotic lady. She became highly...

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Loretta Young (1913 - 2000)

Loretta Young (1913 - 2000)

Loretta Young (1913 - 2000)

The American actress, Gretchen Young, started acting at the age of three alongside her sisters, Polly Ann and Elizabeth Jane. As a teen, she changes her name to Loretta, after her favourite doll which gives her a much more exotic persona. A beautiful...

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Katharine Hepburn (1907 - 2003)

Katharine Hepburn (1907 - 2003)

Katharine Hepburn (1907 - 2003)

Raised in a wealthy family, the American actress freed herself by approaching an artistic career beginning on Broadway stages. She was remarked in 1932 and moved to Hollywood where she made her first film début and immediately attracted the attention...

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Joan Crawford (1904 - 1977)

Joan Crawford (1904 - 1977)

Joan Crawford (1904 - 1977)

Starting as a dancer in travelling theatrical companies before emerging as a chorus girl on Broadway, Lucille Le Sueur is finally signed, in 1925, by MGM studios and becomes Joan Crawford. The American actress perfectly crosses Hollywood's eras, from...

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

In 2005, the Institute for Advanced Study celebrated the centenary of physicist Albert Einstein’s (1879-1955) annus mirabilis of 1905, when he published his seminal papers on Special Relativity, Brownian motion and the photoelectric effect. Einstein was...

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J. Robert Oppenheimer

J. Robert Oppenheimer

J. Robert Oppenheimer

Much has been written about physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, who was born in 1904. The substance of his life, his intellect, his patrician manner, his leadership of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, his political affiliations and postwar military/security...

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Guerre et cinéma à l’époque nazie

Guerre et cinéma à l’époque nazie

Guerre et cinéma à l’époque nazie

Films, documentaires, actualité et dessins animés au service de la propagande. Hitler et Joseph Goebbels Les dirigeants nazis ont reconnu précocement que le cinéma était « l’un des moyens de manipulation des masses les plus modernes »(Goebbels, 1934)....

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Dannecker Theodor

Dannecker Theodor

Dannecker Theodor

(1913--1945), SS officer who helped organize the deportation of Jews from Nazi-occupied Europe. Abtransport jüdischer Männer ins Internierungslager der französischen Üplizei, Gare d'Austeritz, Paris, 15. Mai 1941, li. Theodor Dannecker, "Judenreferent"...

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler

Homme Politique (20/04/1889 - 30/04/1945). Né à Braunau (Autriche) le 20/04/1889 ; Mort à Berlin (Allemagne) le 30/04/1945. A dolf Hitler bouleversa l’histoire du XXe siècle. Autodidacte et orateur brillant, il répandit son idéologie nazie dans toute...

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