Shalom Avraham

Publié le par Roger Cousin

Avraham Shalom Bendor (July 7, 1928 – June 19, 2014) was head of GSS (Shin Bet) from 1981-1986. He resigned after being accused of ordering the killing of two Palestinian prisoners and organising the subsequent cover-up. He was born in Vienna, Austria.

Shalom Avraham

In 1946, he joined the Palmach and later fought in the battle of Mishmar HaEmek amongst others. He joined the GSS in 1950, rising to the top position of Director by 1980. After the hijacking of a bus from Tel Aviv on 12 April 1984, it was reported that all four hijackers had been killed. However, following publication of pictures taken at the scene it emerged that two surviving hijackers were questioned by Brigadier General Yitzhak Mordechai and then handed over to GSS agents who executed the prisoners - allegedly on the orders of Shalom.

During the subsequent investigation, Shalom led a cover-up in the GSS that implicated Mordechai as responsible for the killings. In 1985, General Mordechai was put on trial but his acquittal led to questions being asked about Shalom's role. The cover-up caused internal disorder and dysfunction within the GSS, but only became public when in May 1986 Attorney-General Yitzhak Zamir resigned after attempting to pursue a course of holding Shalom to account for falsifying evidence.

President Chaim Herzog controversially issued pardons to Shalom and four other GSS officers. In July 1986 during a high court appeal against the pardons it was revealed in a letter of application for pardon that Shalom claimed that all his actions were "authorised and approved". This placed responsibility on his immediate superior, the Prime Minister at the time - Yitzhak Shamir.

Publié dans Espions

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