Official responsible for Anti-Jewish acts in France

Publié le par The Holocaust History Project

Karl Oberg, Reinhardt Heydrich et Helmut Knochen

Karl Oberg, Reinhardt Heydrich et Helmut Knochen

  • Aloïs BRUNNER: Head of a special commando sent by Eichmann in May, 1943 to help Rothke arrest Jews; Commandant of Drancy (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1912; condemned to death in absentia in France in 1956; given refuge by Syria, which has ignored extradition requests by Germany (1984) and France (1989).

Local SiPo-SD officials cited in this volume

  • Klaus BARBIE: Chief of the Gestapo in Lyon, 1943-44 (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1913; employed by U.S. occupation authorities after the war, then smuggled to South America; discovered in Peru in 1971; extradited from Bolivia to France in 1983; tried in Lyons and condemned in 1987 to life in prison, where he died a few years later.
  • Hans-Dietrich ERNST: Head of the SiPo-SD in Angers, 1942-44 (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1908; condemned to death in absentia four times by French courts; died while under indictment in Germany in the 1980s.
  • Herbert HAGEN: Head of the SiPo-SD in Bordeaux, 1940-1942 (see Higher SS Commanders).

German Embassy in Paris

  • Otto ABETZ: German ambassador to Paris. Born in 1903; sentenced to 20 years in prison in Paris in 1949; freed in 1954; died in 1958.
  • Ernst ACHENBACH: Chief of the Embassy's Political Section with jurisdiction for Jewish affairs. Born in 1909; member of the West German Bundestag after the war; died in 1991.
  • Carl Theo ZEITSCHEL: Expert on Jewish affairs in the Political Section. Born in 1893; died in the bombing of Berlin in 1945.

German Military Command in France

  • Otto von STULPNAGEL, Military commander in France until April 1942 (General). (Succeeded as commander by his cousin, General Karl Heinrich von Stulpnagel.) Committed suicide in prison in Paris in 1948.
  • Werner BEST: Head of the military administration staff. Died while under indictment in Germany in the late 1980s.
  • Kurt BLANKE: Head of the Jewish affairs section in the economics department. Became mayor of the city of Celle in Lower Saxony, West Germany.

French Authorities

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