Billie Burke (1884–1970)

Publié le par IMDb Denny Jackson and Tony Fontana

Date of Birth : 7 August 1884, Washington, District of Columbia, USA

Date of Death : 14 May 1970, Los Angeles, California, USA  (natural causes)

Birth Name: Mary William Ethelbert Appleton Burke

Height : 5' 3" (1,6 m) 

 Billie Burke (1884–1970)  Billie Burke (1884–1970)

Billie Burke was born Mary William Ethelbert Appleton Burke on August 7, 1885 in Washington, D.C. Her father was a circus clown, and as a child she toured the United States and Europe with the circus (before motion pictures and after the stage, circuses were the biggest form of entertainment in the world). One could say that Billie was bred for show business. Her family ultimately settled in London, where she was fortunate to see plays in the city's historic West End, and decided she wanted to be a stage actress. At age 18, she made her stage debut and her career was off and running. Her performances were very well received and she became one of the most popular actresses to grace the stage. Broadway beckoned, and since New York City was now recognized as the stage capital of the world, it was there she would try her luck. Billie came to New York when she was 22 and her momentum did not stop. She appeared in numerous plays and it was only a matter of time before Hollywood came calling, which is exactly what happened. She made her film debut in the lead role in Peggy (1916). The film was a hit, but then again most films were, as the novelty of motion pictures had not worn off since Le vol du grand rapide (1903) at the turn of the century. Later that year, she appeared in Gloria's Romance (1916). In between cinema work, she would take her place on the stage because not only was it her first love, but she had speaking parts. Billie considered herself more than an actress--she felt she was an artist, too. She believed that the stage was a way to personally reach out to an audience, something that could not be done in pictures. In 1921, she appeared as Elizabeth Banks in The Education of Elizabeth (1921), then she retired. She had wed impresario Florenz Ziegfeld Jr. of the famed Ziegfeld Follies and, with investments in the stock market, there was no need to work.

What the Ziegfelds did not plan on was "Black October" in 1929. Their stock investments were wiped out in the crash, which precipitated the Great Depression, and Billie had no choice but to return to the screen. Movies had become even bigger than ten years earlier, especially since the introduction of sound. Her first role of substance was as Margaret Fairlfield in Héritage (1932). As an artist, she loved the fact that she had dialog, but she had to work even harder because her husband had died the same year as her speaking debut - and work she did. One of her career highlights came as Mrs. Millicent Jordan in David O. Selznick's Les invités de huit heures (1933), co-starring Lionel Barrymore, Wallace Beery, John Barrymore and Jean Harlow - heady company to be sure, but Billie turned in an outstanding performance as Mrs. Jordan, the scatterbrained wife of a man whose shipping company is in financial trouble and who was trying to get someone to loan his company money to help stave off disaster. Her character loved to give dinner parties because a dinner affair at the Jordans had a reputation among New York blue-blood society as the highlight of the season. With all the drama and intrigue going on around her, her main concern is that she is one man short of having a full seating arrangement. The film was a hit and once again Billie was back on top. In 1937, she had one of her most fondly remembered roles in Le couple invisible (1937), a film that would ultimately spin off two sequels, and all three were box-office hits. In 1938, Billie received her first and only Academy Award nomination for her portrayal of Emily Kilbourne in Madame et son clochard (1938). This was probably the best performance of her screen career, but she was destined to be immortalized forever in the classic Le magicien d'Oz (1939). At 54 years of age - and not looking anywhere near it - she played Glinda, the Good Witch of the North. The 1940s saw Billie busier than ever--she made 25 films between 1940 and 1949. She made only six in the 1950s, as her aging became noticeable. She was 75 when she made her final screen appearance as Cordelia Fosgate in John Ford's Western Le sergent noir (1960). Billie retired for good and lived in Los Angeles, California, where she died at age 85 of natural causes on May 14, 1970.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Denny Jackson

Billie Burke was born Mary William Ethelbert Appleton Burke on August 7, 1885 in Washington, D.C. Her father was the internationally famous clown, Billy Burke, and she would spend most of her early years touring Europe before the family settled in London. In 1903, she appeared on the stage as an actress and came to America in 1907 to star opposite John Drew in "My Wife". A red-haired beauty, she became the toast of Broadway and married promoter Florenz Ziegfeld Jr. in April 1914. Billie was signed in 1915 to make the film Peggy (1916). Of the next 15 films that she made, she would make 14 in New York. In between films, she would return to the stage which was her first love. Her last films were released in 1921 and she went into semi-retirement until their fortune was wiped out in 1929. Billie would return to films to support herself and her husband. Florenz Ziegfeld Jr. would die, a broken man, in 1932.

It was in the comedy drama Les invités de huit heures (1933) that Billie would find the character that she would play the rest of her career. It is the hapless, feather-brained lady with the unmistakably high voice who would be more interested in little details than what was at hand. In some films, like Piccadilly Jim (1936), she was obviously too old for the part, but played it to the hilt. Beginning in 1937, she starred in the "Topper" series of films (Le couple invisible (1937), Fantômes en croisière (1938) and Le retour de Topper (1941)) for producer Hal Roach in which she played Mrs. Topper with her usual fluffy performance. But for most of the people who were raised on television, she will always be remembered as Glinda, the Good Witch in Le magicien d'Oz (1939). She continued to make films though out the 1940s and started another series with Le père de la mariée (1950) and the follow-up Allons donc, papa! (1951).

A real trouper, she next went to television with the television series Doc Corkle (1952). The series was canceled after three weeks due to poor writing. By 1953, her career was slowing down and she would only make three more movies in 1959 and 1960. The best remembered one would be John Ford's Western Le sergent noir (1960). Billie Burke retired for good and lived in Los Angeles, California, where she died at age 85 of natural causes on May 14, 1970.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Tony Fontana < tony.fontana@spacebbs.com>

Le magicien d'oz - Allons donc, papa! - Le père de la mariée - Le couple invisible
Le magicien d'oz - Allons donc, papa! - Le père de la mariée - Le couple invisible
Le magicien d'oz - Allons donc, papa! - Le père de la mariée - Le couple invisible
Le magicien d'oz - Allons donc, papa! - Le père de la mariée - Le couple invisible

Le magicien d'oz - Allons donc, papa! - Le père de la mariée - Le couple invisible

Filmography

  • Le sergent noir Mrs. Cordelia Fosgate
  • 1960 77 Sunset Strip (TV Series) Mavis - Publicity Brat (1960) ... Mavis
  • 1959 Ce monde à part Mrs. J. Arthur Allen
  • 1957-1958 Playhouse 90 (TV Series) Mrs. Purcell / Mrs. Rutledge - Rumors of Evening (1958) ... Mrs. Purcell - The Star Wagon (1957) ... Mrs. Rutledge
  • 1956 Matinee Theatre (TV Series) Aunt - Mother Was a Bachelor (1956) ... Aunt
  • 1955 The Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater (TV Series) - The Big Bargain (1955)
  • 1955 The Best of Broadway (TV Series) Martha Brewster - Arsenic and Old Lace (1955) ... Martha Brewster
  • 1953 Small Town Girl Mrs. Livingston
  • 1952 Doc Corkle (TV Series) - Episode #1.1 (1952)
  • 1951 Four Star Revue (TV Series) Guest Actress - Episode #2.14 (1951) ... Guest Actress
  • 1951 Allons donc, papa! Doris Dunstan
  • 1951 The Bigelow Theatre (TV Series) Aunt Amanda - Dear Amanda (1951) ... Aunt Amanda
  • 1950 Lights Out (TV Series) - Dr. Heidegger's Experiment (1950)
  • 1950 Three Husbands Mrs. Jenny Bard Whittaker
  • 1950 Le père de la mariée Doris Dunstan
  • 1950 The Boy from Indiana Zelda Bagley
  • 1949 C'est moi le papa Mrs. Marvin Fletcher
  • 1949 Entrons dans la danse Mrs. Livingston Belney
  • 1948 Billie Gets Her Man (Short) Billie
  • 1948 Silly Billy (Short) Billie
  • 1946 The Bachelor's Daughters Molly Burns
  • 1946 Breakfast in Hollywood Mrs. Frances Cartwright
  • 1945 The Cheaters Clara Pidgeon
  • 1945 Swing Out, Sister Jessica Mariman
  • 1943 Gildersleeve on Broadway Mrs. Laura Chandler
  • 1943 You're a Lucky Fellow, Mr. Smith Aunt Harriet Crandall
  • 1943 So's Your Uncle Minerva
  • 1943 Hi Diddle Diddle Liza Prescott
  • 1942 Girl Trouble Mrs. Rowland
  • 1942 Embrassons la mariée Mrs. Drew
  • 1942 L'amour n'est un jeu Lavinia Timberlake
  • 1942 What's Cookin'? Agatha Courtney
  • 1942 L'homme qui vint dîner Mrs. Ernest Stanley
  • 1941 Une nuit à Lisbonne Catherine Enfilden
  • 1941 Le retour de Topper Mrs. Topper
  • 1941 The Wild Man of Borneo Bernice Marshall, Boardinghouse Keeper
  • 1940 Hullabaloo Penny Merriweather
  • 1940 Dulcy Eleanor Forbes
  • 1940 The Captain Is a Lady Blossy Stort
  • 1940 Irène Mrs. Vincent
  • 1940 And One Was Beautiful Mrs. Julia Lattimer
  • 1940 The Ghost Comes Home Cora Adams
  • 1939 Remember? Mrs. Bronson
  • 1939 Divorcé malgré lui Aunt Abby
  • 1939 Le magicien d'Oz Glinda
  • 1939 Bridal Suite Mrs. McGill
  • 1939 Deux bons copains Mrs. Tibbett
  • 1938 Fantômes en croisière Mrs. Topper
  • 1938 La famille sans-souci Marmy Carleton
  • 1938 Madame et son clochard Mrs. Kilbourne
  • 1938 Everybody Sing Diana Bellaire
  • 1937 Les cadets de la mer Mrs. Alyce Gates
  • 1937 L'inconnue du palace Contessa di Meina
  • 1937 Le couple invisible Mrs. Topper
  • 1937 La vie privée du tribun Clara
  • 1936 L'obsession de Madame Craig Mrs. Frazier
  • 1936 Piccadilly Jim Eugenia Willis, Nesta's Sister
  • 1936 Ma femme américaine Mrs. Robert Cantillon
  • 1935 Splendor Clarissa
  • 1935 A Feather in Her Hat Julia Trent Anders
  • 1935 Gosse de riche Mrs. Daniel Van Dyke
  • 1935 Doubting Thomas Paula Brown
  • 1935 Becky Sharp Lady Bareacres
  • 1935 Chronique mondaine Mrs. Norwood
  • 1935 Society Doctor Mrs. Crane
  • 1934 Forsaking All Others Aunt Paula
  • 1934 We're Rich Again Mrs. Linda Page
  • 1934 Finishing School Mrs. Helen Crawford Radcliff
  • 1934 Douvres-Paris Eustasia
  • 1933 Une nuit seulement Julia Warren
  • 1933 Les invités de huit heures Millicent Jordan
  • 1933 La Phalène d'argent Lady Strong - His Wife
  • 1932 Héritage Margaret
  • 1921 The Education of Elizabeth Elizabeth Banks
  • 1920 On demande un mari Belle Johnson
  • 1920 Away Goes Prudence Prudence Thorne
  • 1919 Wanted: A Husband Amanda Darcy Cole
  • 1919 Sadie Love Sadie Love
  • 1919 The Misleading Widow Betty Taradine
  • 1919 Le mariage d'Annabelle Annabelle Leigh
  • 1918 The Make-Believe Wife Phyllis Ashbrook
  • 1918 Le mirage Polly Marsden
  • 1918 Let's Get a Divorce Mme. Cyprienne Marcey
  • 1918 Eve's Daughter Irene Simpson-Bates
  • 1917 The Land of Promise Nora Marsh
  • 1917 Arms and the Girl Ruth Sherwood
  • 1917 The Mysterious Miss Terry Mavis Terry
  • 1916 Gloria's Romance Gloria Stafford (as Miss Billie Burke)
  • 1916 Peggy Peggy Cameron 

Publié dans Documents

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