Hackmann Hermann

Publié le par Roger Cousin

Hackman HermannSS-Hauptsturmführer (Captain) Hermann Hackmann (October 11, 1913 - August 20, 1994) served as the lead guard in charge of protective custody at Majdanek concentration camp in German-occupied Poland. Hackmann came from Osnabruck and held the post of roll call officer at Buchenwald before Majdanek, at the age of 26. At Buchenwald he was considered the most intelligent of the SS officers. Described as a brutal man with a "cynical humour," Hackmann's nickname at Buchenwald was "Jonny." Prosecuted for murder by SS Judge Georg Konrad Morgen in connection with the Koch trial, Hackmann was sentenced to death. He escaped punishment and was evacuated by the Gestapo.

After the war Hackmann was prosecuted by the U.S. government at the Buchenwald Trial of 1947. Hackmann was one of twenty-two Nazis sentenced to death for his role in Buchenwald concentration camp, though it was commuted to life imprisonment. Details of his activities in Buchenwald that surfaced during the trial portray him as a man who was greatly feared by the prisoners and prone to violence and creative ways to put prisoners through more misery. Inmates were frequently beaten, kicked and whipped by Hackmann with sticks and whips. He was also known to make prisoners kneel where he would kick them in the scrotum.

There was a rule against spitting on the street and when Hackmann saw some spit on the ground he forced the nearest inmate to lick it up. One witness testified that he had two block leaders bend a birch tree where he made a Jewish man hold onto it. When the block leaders released the tree, the Jewish man was flung into the air into a stone quarry. During the Third Majdanek Trial between 1975–1981, he was sentenced to an additional ten years imprisonment for two counts of serving as joint accessory to murder of at least 141 people in Majdanek.

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