Anton Ameiser (1 August 1907 — 2 February 1976) was an Obersturmbannführer in the Waffen SS during World War II. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, which was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Anton Ameiser was born in Munich on the 1 August 1907. He became a merchant after completing his secondary school education and joined the NSDAP in 1933 and then volunteered for the SS-VT in 1938. He was assigned to the SS Cavalry Standarte 15. At the start of World War II, he was posted to the SS Cavalry Brigade which was being formed in Poland. He served with the SS Cavalry Brigade in the early campaigns of the war and was awarded the Iron Cross I & II class and the Eastern Front Medal. Between March and April 1942 he served as the Adjutant for the Brigade.
In 1944 he was posted to the 22nd SS Cavalry Division Maria Theresia in command of the 52nd SS Cavalry Regiment. He was awarded the Knight's Cross for his bravery during the fighting at Budapest. The Division had been deployed in the defense of the Hungarian capital. There it was encircled along with the rest of the Axis troops in the Hungarian capital and destroyed. Only some 170 men made it out of the encirclement. Ameiser was then given command of the SS Cavalry regiment 94, 37th SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Lützow. Anton Ameiser survived the war and died in his hometown of Munich on the 20 February 1976.