Koegel Max

Publié le par Roger Cousin

Otto Max Koegel (16 October 1895 – 27 June 1946) was a Nazi officer who served as a commander at LichtenburgRavensbrückMajdanek and Flossenbürg concentration camps.

Koegel MaxKoegel Max

Max Koegel was born on October 16, 1895 in Füssen, in the Kingdom of Bavaria. He was the fourth son of a carpenter who worked at a local furniture factory. Shortly before his sixth birthday, Koegel's mother died from complications during childbirth. In 1907, his father died and Max was sent to live with a family at a nearby farm. He also had to leave school and began training as a shepherd and later worked as a mountain guide. When the First World War broke out, Koegel volunteered to join the Bavarian infantry. He served in the military until January 12, 1919 and reached the rank of corporal. He was wounded three times, including once during the Battle of Verdun, and received the Iron Cross second class.

After the war, Koegel returned to Bavaria and worked as a customs clerk in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. In 1920, he left the civil service and opened a souvenir shop. However, four years later he filed for bankruptcy after he was charged with fraud, for which he received a suspended sentence. He went on to travel for work in Switzerland and Austria before returning to Füssen, where he obtained a job in his father's old furniture factory. At that time, he joined the Völkischer Bund and Bund Oberland, both extreme nationalist and anti-Semitic organisations. In 1929, Koegel's eight-year-old son died from measles and a short time later, his marriage of ten years ended in divorce. Koegel became a member of the NSDAP (n° 1179781) on 2 May 1932, and of the SS (#37644) in June 1932.

Koegel became adjutant to the Dachau concentration camp commander in 1937. From 1938 to 1942 he was first "direktor" (managing director) and then commander of the labour camp for women in Lichtenburg at Ravensbrück in the rank of Sturmbannführer (Major). In 1942 he was commander of the extermination camp Majdanek and was involved in the installation of gas chambers at this site. From 1943 to 1945 he was commander at Flossenbürg concentration camp. After the war, Koegel went on the run and was not arrested until June 1946 in Schwabach, near Nürnberg. He committed suicide by hanging in his prison cell only a day later on 27 June 1946.

Otto Max Koegel, né le 16 octobre 1895 à Füssen, mort le 26 juin 1946 à Nuremberg, était un officier nazi, qui commanda le camp d'extermination de Majdanek d'août à octobre 1942. Puis le camp de concentration de Flossenbürg du 29 avril 1943 au 23 avril 1945. Il se suicida peu après avoir été condamné à mort.

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